WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. House of Representatives returned to Washington on Thursday to pass a $484 billion coronavirus relief bill, funding small businesses and hospitals and pushing the total spending response to the crisis to an unprecedented nearly $3 trillion.
The measure is expected to receive solid bipartisan support in the Democratic-led House, but threatened opposition by some members of both parties forced legislators to return to Washington despite stay-at-home orders intended to control the spread of the virus.
The Republican-led Senate passed the legislation on Tuesday by unanimous consent, allowing senators to stay at home.
Approval by the House will send it the White House, where Republican President Donald Trump has promised to quickly sign it into law.
The bill – which would be the fourth passed to address the crisis – provides funds to small businesses and hospitals struggling with the economic toll of a pandemic that has killed more than 47,000 Americans and thrown a record 26 million out of work over the past five weeks, wiping out all the jobs created during the longest employment boom in U.S. history.
“This is really a very, very, very sad day. We come to the floor with nearly 50,000 dead, a huge number of people, and the uncertainty of it all,” Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said as debate began.
Congress passed the last coronavirus relief bill, worth more than $2 trillion, in March, with overwhelming support from members of both parties.
But the two parties have set the stage for an angry fight over additional funding for state and local governments reeling from the impact of lost revenue after Republicans refused to include it in the current relief bill.
Trump has said he supports more funding for states, and has promised to back it in future legislation.
But Republicans have resisted. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell suggested in a radio interview on Wednesday that states could go bankrupt, but said later he did not want states to use federal funds for anything unrelated to the coronavirus. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo called the bankruptcy proposal “one of the really dumb ideas of all time” during a regular news briefing.
Thursday’s voting will take place under safety protocols that will considerably lengthen proceedings. Lawmakers have been instructed to wait in their offices for the vote, then come to the House in alphabetical order in small groups. There will also be a half-hour break to clean the chamber between the first and second votes.Most members in the chamber wore face masks, which many removed to speak.
The House will first vote on a new panel, with subpoena power, to probe the U.S. coronavirus response. Pelosi said the panel is essential to ensure funds go to those who need them and to prevent scams.
Republicans said it is not needed. After that vote, which is likely to go along party lines, the House is expected to pass the $484 billion coronavirus bill.
Echoing Trump, many Republicans also want the country – including Congress – to reopen more quickly than in the several more weeks recommended in many states.
“Congress is essential. The American public needs to see that we are working. The American public has to understand that we can do it in a safe manner so states and others can begin to open as well,” House Republican leader Kevin McCarthy said on Wednesday.
House members from both parties said they risked traveling to ensure that the legislation passed, some posting selfies on social media from airplanes on which passengers seemed outnumbered by crew.
“People who feel they can vote should be encouraged to vote. Those that don’t are not being pushed,” said Democratic Representative Pete Aguilar, one of a few party “whips” responsible for making sure floor votes occur without a hitch.
Reporting by Patricia Zengerle, Richard Cowan and Susan Cornwell; Editing by Scott Malone, Bernadette Baum and Jonathan Oatis