If the FDA agrees Moderna’s Covid-19 shot is safe and effective, millions of Americans could get the first of the drug’s two doses by the middle of December

World Health Organization insists it is doing everything possible to find the animal origins of the virus

Hopes for a first wave of vaccinations before the end of 2020 received a boost with US firm Moderna saying it was filing on Monday for emergency authorisation of its Covid-19 vaccine in the United States and Europe.

After top US scientists warned Americans to brace for a “surge superimposed on the surge”, Moderna reported full results had confirmed a high efficacy estimated at 94.1 per cent.

It was set to join American pharmaceutical maker Pfizer and Germany’s BioNTech, which applied for similar approvals last week, and have predicted their vaccine could be given the green light in the US soon after December 10.

If the US Food and Drug Administration agrees Moderna’s product is safe and effective, the first of the drug’s two doses could be injected into the arms of millions of Americans by the middle of December.

“We believe that our vaccine will provide a new and powerful tool that may change the course of this pandemic,” said Moderna CEO Stephane Bancel.

Health Secretary Alex Azar told CBS News: “We could be seeing both of these vaccines out and getting into people’s arms before Christmas.”

Co-developed with the US National Institutes of Health, the jabs were generally well tolerated, with the most common side effects including injection site pain, fatigue, muscle pain, joint pain and headache.

Moderna expects to have around 20 million doses of the vaccine, called mRNA-1273, available in the US by the end of the year, and between 500 million to a billion doses globally in 2021.

The news came after leading US scientist Anthony Fauci voiced his fears as millions of travellers returned home after the Thanksgiving holiday.

The United States is the worst-affected country, with more than 267,000 Covid-19 deaths, and President Donald Trump’s administration has issued conflicting messages on mask-wearing, travel and the danger posed by the virus.

“What we expect, unfortunately, as we go for the next couple of weeks into December is that we might see a surge superimposed on the surge we are already in,” Fauci told NBC News on Sunday.

At least 1,465,000 fatalities have been recorded worldwide since the outbreak emerged in China last December, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University.

The World Health Organization (WHO) insisted Monday it was doing everything possible to find the animal origins of the virus, despite the fact it has not yet sent a full team of experts to China to probe the matter.

Observers have voiced concern the agency has bowed to Chinese pressure and dragged its feet over the investigation, but WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus hit back and urged critics to stop “politicising” the issue.

At a briefing, Tedros added he was alarmed over a rapid worsening of the Covid-19 situations in Brazil and Mexico, urging them to be “very serious” about halting the spread.

Europe meanwhile is still battling to bring down the daily toll of death and infection with a variety of curbs, lockdowns and tests after fatalities topped 400,000 at the weekend.

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced a total weekend lockdown and a curfew for the rest of the week.

In Asia, Hong Kong on Monday announced social distancing measures at some of their strictest levels in the city since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, as authorities battle a fourth wave of infections.

“This new wave of Covid-19 has hit Hong Kong very quickly,” chief executive Carrie Lam said, adding the new restrictions would take effect from Wednesday.

Anger over rising infection numbers sparked a riot in a Sri Lankan prison where guards shot dead eight inmates and wounded at least 71 others.

However, Australia’s success against the pandemic saw international students arrive Down Under for the first time since it shut the borders in March, with a charter flight touching down in Darwin on Monday.

The situation in former global epicentre New York remains precarious, with Governor Andrew Cuomo warning small gatherings are now responsible for 65 per cent of the spread. “We are now worried about overwhelming the hospital system,” Cuomo said, adding it was possible the state may need a new lockdown.

Covid-19 risk across most of the US is now considered “critical” and more than 93,000 people are hospitalised, according to the Covid Tracking Project.

Scientists estimate around 70 per cent of the population will need to be vaccinated to bring an end to the outbreak, and this may not be achievable until the second half of next year.

Amid signs of growing global vaccine scepticism, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies president Francesco Rocca warned Monday: “To beat this pandemic, we also have to defeat the parallel pandemic of distrust.”

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